What is a PSD?
PSD and WordPress themes are difeerent terms that don’t need introduction in web designing. PSD (Photoshop Document) is an image file format native to Adobe’s popular Photoshop Application. It’s an image editing friendly format that supports multiple image layers and various imaging options. PSD files are commonly used for containing high quality graphics data.
What WordPress Themes Are?
A WordPress theme is a tool to change the layout and design of your website like smart phone theme you are using. Themes customize the look and feel of your site, including the layout, color scheme, and other design related elements. You can change the theme in WordPress to match your needs and industry.
Step 1: Slicing your PSD
You slice your PSD and divide it into separate image files so that each design component is effectively saved as a separate design file. which then get served up to the web server, put in order by HTML and styled/positioned by CSS.
An easy way to slice your PSD is to look for these components first.
- Header and Separator
- Footer and others
Step 2: Create index.html and Style.css
Now the next step is to reach to the programming world from the designing world. But it is going to be fairly simple. From the PSD design that you have crafted, create a static HTML and CSS template. You can follow a responsive web design to make sure your site looks beautiful on all screens. Let me show you a sample break up of code based on the div tag and CSS styling.
Step 3: Break down your index.html into WordPress theme file structure
Now you have the basic template ready and you need to port it to the WordPress environment. But before you do that you may require a little knowledge on how things are organized in WordPress.
WordPress has a specific file structure that you need to follow. You are basically going to upload your web page to WordPress themes and WordPress software should work with it seamlessly so that the plugins and additional functionalities can be added without any hassle or incompatibility issues.
Some pointers that may help you are listed down below.
Basic files of WordPress Theme
The main stylesheet: This file must be attached to the Theme, and it will contain the header information of the theme.
The file which contains all functions related to theme like custom post type, additional sidebar, actions are also written function file.
The main template file: It is the parent file of the template and its load the blog post.
This file defines the comments template shows blog comments.
The front page template: it is only used for a static front page. that you cans et from admin to show home page template.
This file is used when a single post is queried. and loads post details author details post date etc..
This one is used for default page templates.
This page is required to show the categories related posts.
This page is required when the tag and show tags related post from wordpress.
To perform a search we need this file inside the template when used get_search_form() function for searching the post you can also customized based on query.
To view a attachments like thumbnail, pdf and documents.
The 404 Not Found template is to display the error message when the post is not found.
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